The olive tree has a long history of symbolism for peace, fruitfullness, purification, strength, victory, and reward. In ancient Greece the tree was sacred to Athene. In Jewish and Christian tradition, the olive is a symbol of peace, and it was an olive branch which the dove brought back to Noah when the Great Flood was over. An old legend tells that Chrit’s cross was made of olive and cedar wood. For Islam, the olive is t he central tree, the World axis, a symbol of Universal Man and of the Prophet.